What is Scalp Micropigmentation?

Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) is an innovative, non-invasive treatment for individuals experiencing hair loss or thinning hair.

This article provides an in-depth explanation of what SMP is, its benefits, and answers common FAQs to help you understand why this might be the perfect solution for your hair concerns.

What is Scalp Micropigmentation?

Scalp Micropigmentation (also known as SMP or a hair tattoo) is a cosmetic procedure that involves applying natural pigments to the scalp.

The procedure uses micro-needles to deposit pigment into the dermal layer of the skin, creating the appearance of hair follicles or a fuller head of hair.

This technique can replicate the look of a closely shaved head, add density to thinning areas, or hide scars from hair transplant surgeries or injuries.

How Does Scalp Micropigmentation Work?


SMP works by placing tiny dots of pigment into the scalp. These dots mimic the appearance of natural hair follicles, giving the illusion of a fuller head of hair.

The procedure usually involves three to four sessions, spaced a few weeks apart, to achieve the desired look.

Each session builds upon the previous one, allowing adjustments to the hairline and density to create a natural and customised result.

The Process of Scalp Micropigmentation

  1. Consultation: It starts with a consultation where the practitioner assesses your scalp condition, discusses your goals, and designs a hairline that complements your facial features.
  2. Pigment Selection: Pigments are chosen to match your natural hair color and skin tone, ensuring a seamless blend and natural appearance.
  3. Application: Using specialised equipment, the practitioner applies the pigment to the scalp, carefully replicating the appearance of natural hair follicles.
  4. Aftercare: Post-treatment care is crucial for optimal results. This includes avoiding heavy sweating, direct sun exposure, and following any specific instructions from your practitioner.

Who Can Benefit from Scalp Micropigmentation?

SMP suits individuals experiencing various degrees of hair loss, including:

  • Male pattern baldness
  • Thinning hair
  • Alopecia
  • Scarring from hair transplant surgery
  • Those who want to add density to their existing hair

Benefits of Scalp Micropigmentation

  1. Non-Invasive: SMP is non-invasive and involves no downtime, unlike hair transplant surgeries. Most people can resume their normal activities immediately after the procedure.
  2. Immediate Results: SMP provides instant results after the first session. While multiple sessions are required for the final look, noticeable improvements can be seen right away.
  3. Low Maintenance: Once completed, SMP requires minimal maintenance compared to other hair restoration methods. There’s no need for special shampoos or regular salon visits.
  4. Cost-Effective: SMP is generally more affordable than hair transplant surgeries and does not require the ongoing costs associated with other hair restoration treatments.
  5. Natural Appearance: Skilled practitioners can create a hairline and density that look incredibly natural, even up close.
  6. Long-Lasting: With proper care, SMP can last for several years before a touch-up is needed to maintain the appearance.

Scientific Insights on Scalp Micropigmentation

Clinicopathologic Correlation

SMP involves depositing permanent pigment in a tattoo-like manner. The pigment is placed between hair follicles in a stippling pattern that resembles closely cut hair. Trichoscopy reveals homogenous, grey to black circular dots that appear larger than adjacent hair follicles, confirming the presence of SMP without invasive procedures (Nguyen et al., 2022).

Effectiveness in Cosmetic Surgery

SMP is a safe and effective technique for camouflaging scalp scars. The procedure uses iron oxide pigments to achieve a natural look, and patient satisfaction is high, with minimal complications reported (Traquina, 2001).


Treatment for Hair Loss

SMP is a highly sophisticated medical tattoo process for balding or thinning hair. The procedure is customized for each patient due to variations in scalp skin and involves multiple sessions to achieve the desired results (Rassman et al., 2013).


Camouflaging Alopecia and Scars


SMP is highly effective in camouflaging alopecia and scalp scars among Korean patients. The results were satisfactory for most patients, with no adverse effects reported (Park et al., 2014).


Removal of SMP


For those needing removal of SMP, a 1064 nm picosecond Nd:YAG laser can effectively remove SMP, providing a safe option for those who require it (Wu, 2020).


Combining SMP with Hair Transplants


Combining SMP with follicular unit extraction (FUE) can enhance the cosmetic outcome for patients with thinning hair and balding. This combination reduces the number of procedures and overall costs (Rassman et al., 2017).

FAQs About Scalp Micropigmentation

  1. SMP lasts between 3 to 5 years before a touch-up is needed. The longevity of the treatment depends on factors such as skin type, sun exposure, and individual aftercare.

  2. The level of discomfort varies from person to person, but most clients report minimal pain. The sensation is often compared to getting a tattoo, with some describing it as a mild pricking or scratching feeling.

  3. The cost of SMP varies depending on the extent of the treatment and the clinic. On average, the price ranges from £500 to £3,000. Consult with a reputable clinic like Peaky Hairlines to get an accurate quote based on your specific needs.

  4. Yes, SMP can be removed using laser treatments similar to those used for tattoo removal. However, this process can be time-consuming and may require multiple sessions.

  5. Yes, SMP is effective on all skin tones. The pigments can be customised to match any skin and hair colour, ensuring a natural look for everyone.

  6. Absolutely. Many individuals use SMP to enhance the results of hair transplants by adding density and covering scars. It’s an excellent way to achieve a fuller look while minimising the appearance of transplant scars.

  7. There is minimal to no downtime after SMP. Most clients can return to their regular activities immediately. However, it’s advised to avoid heavy sweating, swimming, and sun exposure for a few days following the treatment.

Conclusion about Scalp Micro pigmentation

Scalp Micropigmentation offers a solution for hair loss with immediate, natural-looking results and minimal maintenance. Whether you’re dealing with thinning hair, baldness, or scarring, SMP can help you regain your confidence and achieve the appearance of a fuller head of hair. For those in Kent seeking scalp micropigmentation services, Peaky Hairlines offers expert treatments tailored to your needs.

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